Container shipping terminology: container, container leasing, container loading and unloading area, container front yard, container rear yard, empty container yard, transfer station or inland station, container freight station, mesh responsibility system, shipping association container container ( Container)
According to the type of goods loaded, there are general cargo containers, bulk containers, liquid cargo containers, reefer containers, etc.; according to manufacturing materials, there are wooden containers, steel containers, aluminum alloy containers, glass steel containers, stainless steel containers, etc.; by structure , There are folding containers, fixed containers, etc., in the fixed container can also be divided into closed containers, open top containers, pallet containers, etc.; according to the total weight, there are 30 tons of containers, 20 tons of containers, 10 tons of containers, 5 Tons of containers, 2.5 tons of containers, etc. Container-calculation unit (twenty-feet equivalent units: TEU)
Everyone rents an empty container to a user's business. The owner of the container is a container for lease, and the user, usually a shipping company or shipper, is the renter and both parties sign a lease contract. The qualified container provided by the lessor shall be used by the lessee within the agreed scope. There are many different ways in which containers can be leased internationally. They include: chartered rent, time chartered rent, current lease, and impeded renting in the navigation area.
In container transport, the specific handling department for the handling, exchange, and storage of boxes or cargo. It authorizes the carrier or its agent to carry out the following operations: (1) Exchange and custody of FCL freight. (2) A container freight station is set up to handle the transfer of LCL cargo. (3) arrange berthing of container ships, loading and unloading of containers, and preparation of loading plans for each voyage. (4) Handle the relevant shipping documents. (5) Compile and sign the relevant documents for the use of the means of delivery and transfer of containers for containers. (6) Checking and maintenance of containers, vehicles, and loading and unloading tools, cleaning and fumigation of empty containers. (7) Empty, outgoing, storage, and storage. (8) Arrange the stacking of empty and heavy boxes at the yard and prepare a site allocation plan. (9) Other related business work. Container loading and unloading areas are generally composed of special docks, fronts, yards, freight stations, control towers, repair departments, gates, and offices. Sometimes the yard or freight station can be extended to the city's internal transit station for 5 to 15 kilometers.
In front of the container terminal, in order to speed up the loading and unloading operations of the ship, the container site is temporarily piled up. Its role is: Before the container ship arrives in the port, there are plans to orderly place the export containers in a orderly manner according to the stowage requirements. During the unloading, the import containers are temporarily stacked in front of the quay in order to speed up the loading and unloading of ships.
Container yard (container yard)
Container heavy or empty containers for transfer, storage and storage. Some countries do not divide the front yard or the rear yard of a container yard and are collectively referred to as yards. The container yard behind the container is an integral part of the container handling area. It is the place where the container transport â€œfield-to-the-fieldâ€ transfer method handles the transfer of the whole box cargo (in fact, it is transferred at the â€œgatewayâ€ of the container depot).
Empty tank (van pool)
Specially for empty collection, storage, storage or transfer of the venue. It is set up only when the container handling area or transfer station is short of yard. This yard does not handle heavy boxes or cargo transfer. It can be operated separately or it can be set up outside the area by a container loading and unloading area. Some capitalist countries that operate such empty container yards must declare to the Shipping Association.
Container freight station (CFS)
The place where the goods are transferred for both the ship and the cargo that are used for packing and unpacking the cargo. The carrier can only entrust the operator of a container freight station in a port or inland cities. It represents the carrier on behalf of the following major business: (1) LCL cargo tally and transfer. (2) When there is any abnormality in the outward appearance inspection of the goods, they shall apply for endorsements. (3) Stowage and stowage of the consolidation cargo. (4) Unpacking and storage of imported unpacking goods. (5) Add seals on behalf of the carrier and issue station receipts. (6) Handle various documents and preparations.
The shipperâ€™s due responsibility in container transport. This responsibility is different from traditional shipping. LCL cargo shippers have the same responsibilities as traditional shipping. The responsibility of the FCL cargo shipper is not that of traditional transportation:
(1) The correctness and completeness of the reported cargo information should be guaranteed. (2) The carrier has the right to check the contents of the box. The costs incurred by the carrier are borne by the shipper. (3) The customs, or other authority, shall open the case for inspection. The cost of the inspection and the resulting difference between the goods and the goods shall be borne by the shipper. (4) The shipper is responsible if the container goods are not full, or the cushion is poor, the stowage is improper, or the goods are not suitable for container transportation. (5) If the shipperâ€™s own unseaworthy container is used, the shipper shall be responsible for the cargo damage caused. (6) The shipper shall be liable for compensation for any damage caused to the third partyâ€™s property or life during the use of the carrierâ€™s container and equipment.
Limits of liability
The maximum amount of compensation that the carrier should bear in case of cargo damage during container transport. The limitation of liability for LCL shipments is the same as traditional transportation. In accordance with some current international jurisprudence, if the bill of lading does not specify the number of items loaded in the box, each box acts as a claim calculation unit. If the bill of lading contains the number of shipments listed on the bill of lading, it is still calculated on the basis of the number of items. If the damage and loss of the goods do not belong to maritime transport but occur in inland transport, the maximum compensation for land transport shall be applied. If the container is owned or provided by the shipper, the liability of the container should be borne by the carrier if it is lost or damaged. It should also be regarded as a claim calculation unit. Uniform liability system